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Bawa 2015 N = 11 RCTs

Mixed etiology CP (e.g. CLBP, RA, fibromyalgia, CMSP) in all ages

PubMed, Embase, AMED, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Index of Theses up to April 3, 2013

Economic, pain intensity, depression, physical functioning, sleep quality, trait anxiety, QOL, pain acceptance

Results did not identify any statistically significant impact on patient outcomes

Chiesa 2011 N = 10; 6 CTs, 4 CCTs)

Mixed etiology CP (e.g. CLBP, RA, fibromyalgia, CMSP)

PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Database, references of retrieved articles up to July 31, 2009

Pain intensity, coping, stress reduction, depression, QOL, physical functioning, other psychiatric changes

Insufficient data to support MBIs as more effective in reducing pain and depression when compared to educational or support-based group therapy controls.

Reiner 2013 (N = 16; 8 RCTs, 8 uncontrolled)

Mixed etiology CP ages 18 years or older with at least 10 participants per treatment cohort

PubMed and PsycInfo from 1960 to December 31, 2010

Pain intensity

Reductions in pain intensity noted in 6 out of 8 controlled trial. The high quality study by Zautra and colleagues, however, did not have significant findings on pain control.

Song 2014 (N = 16; 8 RCTs, 8 uncontrolled

Primary care patients ages 18 years or older with mixed etiology CP

PubMed, EPS-Cohost, Elsevier, Wiley, Springer, Cochrane Database, references of retrieved articles up to December 31, 2011

Pain intensity, presence of psychiatry comorbidity

Insufficient evident that MBIs effectively reduce pain intensity but data do support that MBIs improve psychiatric comorbidities of depression and trait anxiety.

Veehof 2011 (N = 22; 9 RCTs, 5 CCTs; 8 uncontrolled

Mixed etiology CP

PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, Cochrane Database up to January 31, 2009

Pain intensity, depression

MBSR and ACT could not be considered better than CBT but may work well as an alternative or adjunct to CBT.