Planned Area

Unplanned or Informal area


Land is planned and surveyed.

Land is in most cases unplanned and unsurveyed though some lots may be sporadically surveyed.


Land is legally occupied.

Land may be occupied informally, or invaded or squatted upon.


Has regularly shaped land lots.

Has irregularly shaped land lots.


There is little or no land subdivision after approval of the survey plan.

Uncontrolled land subdivision continues all the time.


Has land for infrastructure such as roads and drains. This infrastructure may be in place or will in the long-run be in place.

Has no land for infrastructure. May have non-standard and windery roads, or no roads at all, and most times, no drains.


All land lots are planned to be accessible by standard roads.

Some lots may not be accessible by road. Access may be by way of narrow paths.


Land is set aside for social infrastructure such as schools, health centres, play grounds, cemeteries, gardens, markets, religious institutions and so forth.

There is usually, no, or inadequate land for social infrastructure.


Development control can be enforced. Land developers are required to conform to some standards, procedures and regulations.

No development control. One’s entrance may be opening into another’s toilet.


Levies such as land rent or property tax may be charged.

Many times government levies are not charged.


Have advantages in terms of security and less vulnerability to fire and flood hazards.

Exposed to higher levels of vulnerability in terms of insecurity (including eviction and theft), fire, floods and environmental pollution hazards.