Interventional Aspects

Ordinary Institutions

T Institution

Degree of Intervention


Degree of Intervention


Demand Satisfaction

1) Stay on the surface

2) Unified

Meet only basic survival needs

1) Establish demand files to keep abreast of demand

2) Provide individualized service for different old people

1) Meet individualized needs

2) Break crowd limitations

3) Expand the connotation of self-organization

Resource Allocation

1) Link the “visual” resources inside and outside institutions

2) Increase resource utilization

1) Integrate community resources

2) Expand self-organization development channels

1) Link various resources to enrich institutional activities

2) Break away from the traditional pessimistic thinking, develop the elderly’s resources, and establish incentive mechanism to ensure the initiation

1) Reduce labor costs

2) Enhance the elderly’s sense of self-efficacy and promote their participation in institutional governance

Capacity Building

Focus on training practical skills and building volunteer organizations

Enhance building ability and advocate elderly’s participation in community development

1) Develop leadership skills and work skills

2) Balance the distribution of rights and adjust the atmosphere of relations by one-on-one

conversations and other ways to eliminate the phenomenon of capacity person

1) Promote self-development of the elderly

2) Coordinate the internal relations of self-organization

3) Promote sustainable development

Organization Structure

Intervene in up-low information transmission and management policies

1) Influence government and institutional policies

2) Provide institutional guarantee [8]

Provide institutional support in terms of communication, operation system and development model

Influence institutional policy decisions to create a good and relaxed environment for self-organization