Table of the effective charges and masses of the electron, the up quark and the down quark, estimated on the assumption that the unit charge of the electron would be the amount of charge induced at the distance from the Y-z axis at which electron-positron pairs separate during the pair production process. | |||

Particle | ${r}^{\prime}={r}_{e}/\alpha $ | Charge | mass |

Electron | ${{r}^{\prime}}_{e}=3.861592641\text{E}-13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{m}$ | 1.602176462E−19C | 9.10938188E−31kg |

Up quark | ${{r}^{\prime}}_{eu}=2.574395094\text{E}-13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{m}$ | 1.068117641E−19C | 2.04961092E−30kg |

Down quark | ${{r}^{\prime}}_{ed}=1.287197547\text{E}-13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{m}$ | 5.340588207E−20C | 8.19844378E−30kg |