Question Title and short description Statement Mean (M) Chi-square results (α = 0.001) Q4 In my year of study, I have learned how to Q4.1 search in databases for research outputs (e.g. journal papers, book chapters, etc.) CG: 98% EG: 86% χ2 (1, 271) = 11.39, p = 0.001 Q4.2 formulate research hypotheses based on a specific research topic CG: 96% EG: 88% χ2 (1, 270) = 10.78, p = 0.001 Q4.3 design research CG: 91% EG: 70% χ2 (1, 270) = 22.04, p < 0.001 Q4.4 understand research methodology CG: 97% EG: 85% χ2 (1, 269) = 17.89, p < 0.001 Q4.5 recruit participants CG: 79% EG: 69% χ2 (1, 269) = 4.96, p = 0.026 Q4.6 gather data CG: 93% EG: 90% χ2 (1, 271) = 1.78, p = 0.182 Q4.7 analyse data CG: 96% EG: 89% χ2 (1, 270) = 9.33, p = 0.002 Q4.8 interpret data CG: 96% EG: 81% χ2 (1, 269) = 21.731, p < 0.001 Q4.9 discuss the data analysis CG: 98% EG: 77% χ2 (1, 271) = 34.77, p < 0.001 Q4.10 connect my findings with others’ research CG: 89% EG: 77% χ2 (1, 269) = 9.71, p = 0.002 Q4.11 critically reflect on findings CG: 95% EG: 76% χ2 (1, 270) = 23.52, p < 0.001 Q4.12 share my research findings with others CG: 86% EG: 45% χ2 (1, 270) = 51.99, p < 0.001