Criteria for Just N.O.
Subpart A—Officer’s Life is Not in Danger
1) The officer’s life is in no obvious danger at any point of the interaction between himself or herself and the civilian.
Subpart B—Civilian is in Police Care
1) The officer has stopped, questioned, detained, searched, arrested, or otherwise confronted a civilian, and they have engaged in a verbal or physical interaction.
2) The civilian did not commit a deadly or violent crime before the officer arrived, and the civilian entered the officer’s care.
3) The civilian did not have a weapon in his or her hand while in the officer’s care.
4) The civilian presented no imminent danger to himself or herself, others, or the officer while in the officer’s care.
Subpart C1—Officer Holds a Clear Advantage Over Civilian (Power Differential)
1) The civilian was restrained (handcuffs, waist chains, leg irons, etc.).
2) The civilian was on the ground.
3) The civilian was face-down.
4) The civilian’s back is facing the officer.
5) The civilian’s hands are visibly empty.
6) There is more than one police officer at the scene.
Subpart C2—Officer Holds a Clear Advantage Over Civilian (Vulnerability of Civilian)
1) The civilian is a child or adolescent.
2) The civilian is a pregnant woman.
3) The civilian clearly has a developmental disorder.
4) The civilian has an obvious physical exceptionality (i.e. confined to wheelchair, missing a limb).
5) The civilian is a senior who is 70 years or older.
Subpart D—Officer Takes Civilian’s Life
1) The officer uses deadly force with the civilian.
2) The civilian dies in the care of the officer.
3) But for the fact that the officer utilized deadly force with the civilian, the person would not have died.
4) No other person or factor is responsible for the civilian’s death apart from the officer.
Requirements for a situation to be considered a “Just N.O.”
1) The criterion in subpart A is required.
2) All of the criteria in subpart B are required.
3) The criterion in subpart D is required.
4) Included with all of the criteria from subpart A, subpart B, and subpart D, only one criterion from subpart C1 is required.
5) Included with all of the criteria from subpart A, subpart B, and subpart D, only one criterion from subpart C2 is required.
A + B + D + C1 = Just N.O. or A + B + D + C2 = Just N.O.