Carpenter LM, Swerdlow AJ, Fear NT., 1997 [33]

Mortality of doctors in different specialties: findings from a cohort of 20,000 NHS hospital consultants

18,358 male and 2168 female NHS hospital consultants employed in England and Wales, between 1962 and 1979.

To examine patterns of cause specific mortality in NHS hospital consultants according to their specialty and to assess these in the context of potential occupational exposures.

A historical cohort assembled from the Department of Health records with follow-up through the NHS Central Register.

The increased risks of accidental poisoning in male physicians, and of suicide in female physicians, are of concern, better prevention measures are therefore necessary.


With some few exceptions, there were small pieces of evidence to suggest that any of the analyzed specialties experienced higher or lower mortality rates than those of other male or female physicians.