Authors and year




Main findings



Palhares-Alves HN et al., 2015 [5]

Suicide among physicians in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, across one decade

2297 death certificates, among which suicide represented 50 cases, i.e. 1.7% of all death causes.

The purpose of this study was to describe the mortality of suicide among physicians in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2000 and 2009.

Deaths by suicide usually happen, on average, 20 years before deaths by other causes. There was a significant association between being single and/or divorced with suicide. Also, the average mortality rate during the study period was of 4.2 deaths per 100,000 physicians registered in the Regional Medicine Council from the State of São Paulo.


In Brazil, the possible loss of cases due to under-registration, understatement, and improper completion of the fields “occupation” or “basic cause of death” is a potential limitation. Difficulty in establishing the intentionality behind violent actions, the classification has a degree of inaccuracy.

Almanzar S et al., 2014 [3]

Knowledge of and attitudes toward clinical depression among health providers in Gujarat, India

700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18 - 45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India

To conduct a cross-sectional study during a 4-week period in Gujurat, India, among resident physicians and workers from the community health area, regarding their knowledge and view on clinical depression.

Most of the community health workers could not easily define clinical depression, and most of them mentioned never hearing about depression or its definition. Also, a small number of subjects disagreed that depression happened only due to tough circumstances (38.2%) or that those suffering of it had to blame themselves only (47.2%).


Most of the current investigations on the attitudes toward depression in India has shown limited knowledge on the causality nexus, and a negative generalized view regarding depression and general mental illness. These studies conducted in India have reported depression prevalence rates varying between 21% and 83% in primary care practices. In such country, mental health services are limited.