Multiple equilibria: when 2 quite different asymptotic market shares solutions are possible; but the outcome is indeterminate, not-unique, and unpredictable

Possible inefficiency: in case of one service, which may be “better”―in terms of a certain economic welfare criterion―but “bad luck” in gaining early users/adherents can lead to―a below maximum―benefit (“Vale S.A.” case study)

Lock-in: When a “solution” is reached, it is difficult to exit from it (in most chartering markets this has happened in 2003-2008)

Path dependence: when the early history of a market share, due to small events, and chance circumstances, can determine which solution will prevail (“Vale S.A.” case-study)