No. of Observed salient aspects

Aspects found

Observed aspect—i

Class size: Over crowed

Observed aspect—ii

Teacher’s proficiency: Lack of efficient teachers

Observed aspect—iii

Language used: Mostly L1 (Bangla)

Observed aspect—iv

Teaching-learning practice: Teacher dominated teaching-learning culture

Observed aspect—v

Teaching-learning materials: Mostly commercially publish materials, no use of authentic materials

Observed aspect—vi

Listening/Speaking facility: Lack of acoustic facility in schools

Observed aspect—vii

Teaching practice: Exam-oriented teaching and grammar was taught in a didactic way

Observed aspect—viii

Students’ participation: Hardly found