Primary benefits


Weather conditions

Winter cover crops

Winter rye, brassicas, hairy vetch, red clover, oats

Controls erosion, source of nitrogen fixation, soil organic matter, improves soil structure


Summer cover crops

Buckwheat, sorghum Sudan grass, cowpea, sun hemp

Increase soil organic matter, enhance soil microbes, weed suppression, reduce soil erosion

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Type of cover crops


Hairy vetch, peas, red clover, crimson clover, beans

Nitrogen fixation, prevent soil erosion, increase organic matter, helpful for insects and pollinators


Non legumes

Wheat, oats, barley, annual ryegrass, brassicas, mustards, buckwheat

Prevent soil erosion, nutrient scavenging, weed suppression, provide ground cover