Author | Research Period | Finding |

Vlahinic & Jakovac | 1952-1971 | One way causality from Energy Consumption to GDP [12] |

Kraft & Kraft | 1947-1974 | One way causality from GDP to Energy Consumption [3] |

Sari et al. | 1960-1995 | Long Term Relationship between GDP and Energy Consumption [9] |

Altinay & Karagol | 1950-2000 | One way causality from Energy Consumption to GDP [1] |

Erbaykal | 1970-2003 | One way causality from Energy Consumption to GDP [2] |

Mucuk & Uysal | 1960-2006 | One way causality from Energy Consumption to GDP [4] |

Topalli & Alagoz | 1970-2009 | One way causality from GDP to Energy Consumption [11] |

Yaprakli & Yurttancikmaz | 1970-2010 | Two Way Causality Between GDP and Energy Consumption [13] |