Context/Main findings


Obioha (2008) .

Climate change, population drift and violent conflict over land resources in northeastern Nigeria.

The scarcity of land occasioned by reduced amount of rainfall is associated with conflict in the quest available land resources in the northeastern Nigeria.


Odoh & Chigozie (2012).

Climate change and conflict in Nigeria: a theoretical and empirical examination of the worsening incidence of conflict between Fulani herdsmen and farmers in Northern Nigeria.

Conflict in northern Nigeria is caused by natural resource scarcity and climate change which has through drought and desertification led to the worsening incidence of natural resource scarcity


Folami & Folami (2013).

Climate change and inter-ethnic conflict in Nigeria.

Conflicts are due to climate change, which alters the average weather condition of the area.


Abugu & Onuba (2015).

Climate change and pastoral conflicts on the middle belt and southeast Nigeria: Implication on human resource of the region.

Conflicts are due to climate change, which occasioned extreme and unfavourable weather conditions and thus caused pastoralists to migrate in search of land resources.


Benjaminsen (2016).

Does Climate Change Lead to Conflicts in the Sahel?

Conflicts are in general associated with state policies, not climate change, which result in the marginalisation of pastoralists. State politicians fail to resolve land issues in areas where pastoralists and farming overlap as the main forms of land use.


Amusan et al. (2017).

Climate change, pastoral migration, resource governance and security: the Grazing Bill solution to farmer-herder conflict in Nigeria.

Nigeria’s federal system of government downplays the country’s diversity, and further aggravates conflicts and insecurity such as the present herdsmen-famers.


Tanimu & Akujuru (2018).

Resolving the Farmers/Herdsmen conflict in Southern Kaduna through sustainable land management practise.

The absence of grazing and farmland has been the major cause of the herdsmen/farmers clash. The study focuses in Kaduna state.