Measured Variables Descriptive Statistics (N = 621) Univariate Normality Tests (N = 621) Mean (M) St. Dev. (SD) Skew Kurtosis Kolmogorov-Smirnov Shapiro-Wilk Shapiro-Francia Anderson-Darling ITEM 1 4.32 .88 −1.53 2.57 .30 .74 .74 59.95 ITEM 2 4.62 .81 −2.83 8.74 .42 .52 .52 116.42 ITEM 3 4.66 .83 −3.09 9.88 .45 .46 .46 136.85 ITEM 4 4.33 .93 −1.57 2.27 .32 .72 .72 65.94 ITEM 5 4.41 .83 −1.73 3.51 .32 .70 .70 68.78 ITEM 6 4.36 .97 −1.70 2.49 .35 .69 .69 76.64 ITEM 7 4.19 .88 −1.14 1.45 .25 .79 .79 47.11 ITEM 8 4.36 .88 −1.73 3.52 .31 .71 .71 64.55 ITEM 9 4.24 .9 −1.43 2.28 .26 .76 .76 53.36 ITEM 10 4.29 .86 −1.39 2.18 .28 .75 .76 56.08 ITEM 11 4.34 .84 −1.44 2.30 .31 .74 .74 6.75 ITEM 12 4.31 .81 −1.38 2.47 .27 .75 .75 56.48 ITEM 13 4.09 .96 −1.05 .99 .23 .81 .81 41.96 ITEM 14 3.93 1.01 −.87 .39 .23 .84 .85 34.76 ITEM 15 3.99 1.2 −1.17 .45 .25 .78 .78 49.82 ITEM 16 4.18 .99 −1.36 1.63 .26 .77 .77 51.44 ITEM 17 4.17 1.16 −1.44 1.19 .30 .72 .73 66.23 ITEM 18 3.91 1.15 −.95 .02 .25 .82 .82 4.72 ITEM 19 4.22 1.06 −1.44 1.35 .31 .73 .73 64.40 ITEM 20 4.15 1.04 −1.25 1.02 .27 .78 .78 51.87 Multivariate Normality Tests Sample Mardia’s Skew Mardia’s kurtosis Henze-Zirkler’s Doornik-Hansen E-statistic Royston Total sample ( N = 621) 7629.22 72.76 2.00 2021.80 4071.70 2720.70 EFA subsample (nEFA = 187) 3996.85 29.10 1.29 464.88 5.16 1397.40 CFA subsample (nCFA = 434) 5950.40 51.52 1.70 1366.81 9.512 2275.04