Draft ratio (α) SPA DM Method VR (m3) PF (%) MA step DT-o (m3) PF (%) Value of Φ DT-e (m3) PF (%) MT-e Remark 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 α = 0.90; SHIx = SHIo = −0.21 SHIo = −0.22 3.30 × 1010 (104.96)* 0.0 MA1 MA2 MA2 1.58 × 1010 2.16 × 1010 2.16 × 1010 9.24 6.53 6.53 0.12 0.23 0.07 2.62 × 1010 3.01 × 1010 3.35 × 1010 5.00 2.54 0.00 82.29 94.75 105.34 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.80; SHIx = SHIo = −0.41 1.67 × 1010 (52.42)* 0.0 MA1 MA1 MA1 1.27 × 1010 1.27 × 1010 1.27 × 1010 2.42 2.42 2.42 0.98 0.73 0.45 8.42 × 109 1.25 × 1010 1.67 × 1010 5.00 2.58 0.00 26.50 39.30 52.62 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.70; SHIx = SHIo = −0.62 8.78 × 109 (27.61)* 0.0 MA1 MA1 MA1 9.68 × 109 9.68 × 109 9.68 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 0.44 0.77 2.79 × 109 4.20 × 109 8.87 × 109 5.00 2.58 0.00 8.78 14.21 27.89 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.60; SHIx = SHIo = −0.82 5.19 × 109 (16.33)* 0.0 MA1 MA1 MA1 5.96 × 109 5.96 × 109 5.96 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.60 0.87 1.36 × 109 2.55 × 109 5.23 × 109 5.00 2.42 0.00 4.29 8.03 16.46 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.50; SHIx = SHIo = −1.03 2.61 × 109 (8.20)* 0.0 MA1 MA1 MA1 3.34 × 109 3.34 × 109 3.34 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.26 0.20 3.96 × 108 1.02 × 109 2.63 × 109 5.00 2.58 0.00 1.25 3.20 8.28 MC0, Equation (2) MC0, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) α = 0.40; SHIx = SHIav = −1.41 1.05 × 109 (3.31)* 0.0 na** MA1 MA1 5.38 × 108 7.89 × 108 7.89 × 108 0.00 0.61 0.61 na** 0.90 0.70 1.27 × 107 1.63 × 107 1.09 × 109 5.00 2.58 0.00 0.04 0.51 3.44 By Behavior MC0, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2)