Draft ratio (α) SPA DM Method VR (m3) PF (%) MA step DT-o (m3) PF (%) Value of Φ DT-e (m3) PF (%) MT-e Remark 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 α = 0.90; SHIx = SHIo = −0.14 SHIo = −0.15 4.96 × 109 (64.09)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA3 3.29 × 109 3.29 x109 3.67 × 109 1.55 1.55 1.20 0.73 0.30 0.25 1.81 × 109 2.86 × 109 5.00 × 109 5.07 2.49 0.00 23.42 36.99 64.51 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.80; SHIx = SHIo = −0.27 2.71 × 109 (35.06)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 2.91 × 109 2.91 × 109 2.91 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.10 0.16 7.94 × 108 1.25 × 109 2.74 × 109 5.15 2.52 0.00 10.25 16.13 35.19 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.70; SHIx = SHIo = −0.41 1.79 × 109 (23.12)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 2.54 × 109 2.54 × 109 2.54 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 0.35 0.49 5.22 × 108 8.34 × 109 1.80 × 109 5.07 2.49 0.00 6.74 10.77 23.22 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.60; SHIx = SHIo = −0.54 1.29 × 109 (16.72)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 2.17 × 109 2.17 × 109 2.17 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.65 0.67 3.01 × 108 4.97 × 108 1.30 × 108 5.07 2.49 0.00 3.93 6.41 16.77 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.50; SHIx = SHIo = −0.68 8.09 × 108 (10.44)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 1.81 × 109 1.81 × 109 1.81 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.88 0.88 1.35 × 108 2.80 × 108 8.16 × 108 5.07 2.58 0.00 1.75 3.62 10.53 MC0, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.40; SHIx = SHIav = −1.18 3.07 × 108 (4.77)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 3.04 × 108 3.04 × 108 3.04 × 108 0.17 0.10 0.17 0.82 0.90 0.98 5.24 × 107 1.42 × 108 3.71 × 108 4.98 2.49 0.00 0.68 1.83 4.79 MC0, Equation (2) MC0, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3)