Draft ratio (α) SPA DM Method VR (m3) PF (%) MA step DT-o (m3) PF (%) Value of Φ DT-e (m3) PF (%) MT-e Remark 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8 10 11 α = 0.90; SHIx = SHImax = −0.042 5.22 × 109 (112.20)* 0.00 MA3 MA3 MA4 2.77 × 109 2.77 × 109 4.20 × 109 11.00 11.00 5.18 0.25 0.08 0.32 4.23 × 109 4.78 × 109 5.23 × 109 5.05 2.52 0.00 91.60 102.82 112.27 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.80; SHIx = SHImax = −0.083 3.20 × 109 (68.71)* 0.00 MA2 MA2 MA2 2.53 × 109 2.53 × 109 2.53 × 109 3.84 3.84 3.84 0.51 0.26 0.06 2.33 × 109 2.78 × 109 3.20 × 109 5.03 2.52 0.00 48.03 59.84 68.74 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.70; SHIx = SHImax = −0.125 2.28 × 109 (48.97)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA2 2.25 × 109 2.25 × 109 2.34 × 109 0.13 0.13 0.00 0.62 0.25 0.45 1.34 × 109 1.88 × 109 2.34 × 109 5.03 2.51 0.00 28.84 40.45 50.33 MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.60; SHIx = SHImax = −0.167 1.43 × 109 (30.68)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 2.10 × 109 2.10 × 109 2.10 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.80 0.55 7.72 × 108 1.05 × 109 1.45 × 109 5.03 2.51 0.00 16.60 23.17 31.16 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.50; SHIx = SHImax = −0.209 7.43 × 108 (15.97)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 1.25 × 109 1.25 × 109 1.25 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 0.63 0.27 3.31 × 108 4.90 × 108 7.50 × 108 5.03 2.51 0.00 7.11 10.53 16.12 MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (2) MC1, Equation (3) α = 0.40; SHIx = SHImax = −0.25 4.10 × 108 (8.83)* 0.00 MA1 MA1 MA1 1.17 × 109 1.17 × 109 1.17 × 109 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.36 0.99 1.31 × 108 2.40 × 108 4.10 × 108 5.03 2.51 0.00 2.85 5.14 8.87 MC0, Equation (2) MC0, Equation (2) MC0, Equation (2)