EAPap characteristic/quality

Potential application


Low electrical power consumption

Microwave-driven actuators


Biocompatible and hydrophilic properties


[63] [64]

Microwave-driven innovations

Controlled actuators, Biomimetic robots


Reasonable quality

Vibration sensors

[66] [67]

Acoustic characteristics

Acoustic applications


Stacked and unimorph EAPap actuator

Haptic applications


Piezoelectric paper

EAPap speakers

[69] [70]

Ultra-lightweight and consumption of less energy ≥ response to electrical stimulatio

Microscale robotic insects, Tiny flying objects, Wireless power supplies