Animal communications

Non-verbal communications


Electrical discharges

e.g. torpedo

Colour variations

e.g. chameleon

Luminous communication bioluminescence

e.g. some shellfish, firefly, plankton

Hormone secretions pheromones

Animal metabolism

Physiological excretions

Urine and feces

Body language: postures and movements

Relax state, alert, curiosity, dominant aggression, fearful aggression, stress, fear and worry, extreme fear and total submission, playfulness, courtship