Best measure

Social Class

Grouping of society hierarchically into distinct groups based on social standing.

Occupational prestige of head of household. Children take the social class of the household head until their career is under way, usually by about age 25.

Socio-Economic Status (SES)

The household’s current economic situation, which changes over the person’s employment life cycle.

Annual after-tax household disposable income, plus current market value of owned assets.

Perceived Social Class

Upper, middle, or lower class in status as perceived by others.

Ÿ Occupation

Ÿ Residential area

Ÿ Vehicle type

Ÿ Dress style—work

Ÿ Dress style—leisure

Ÿ First and last names

Ÿ Speech—vocabulary and accent