First grade indexes

Second grade indexes

Simulation fidelity

Appearance fidelity of high-fidelity simulator

Tactility of high-fidelity simulator

Simulation effect of high-fidelity simulator

Configuration quality

Reliability of scenario simulation

Authenticity of scenario simulation

Learning method

Students’ participation of the establishment of experimental training plan

Team cooperation

Teacher-student interaction

Teachers’ lead-in reflection

Teachers’ analysis and summary

Teachers’ guidance and support

Learning content

Suitability of clinical scene

Suitability of practice content

Suitability of practice time

Difficult degree of practice

Combination of practice and theory

Learning effect

Learning perceived benefits

Improvement of learning initiative

Strengthening the memory of theoretical knowledge

Improvement of skill operation

Deepening the application of theoretical knowledge in practice

Improvement of comprehensive clinical nursing ability