Sedentary lifestyle


metabolic syndrome

diabetes mellitus


High BP*

early CVD*

Fasting blood glucose abnormal

High plasma Urea

High plasma creatinine

High total cholesterol

Low HDL* cholesterol

LDL* cholesterol

High plasma triglycerides



Renal failure

less than 150 minutes of moderate activity per week or 75 minutes of intense activity per week

criteria of the WHO* [5]

definition of the International Diabetes Federation [6]

known diabetic patients

known hypertensive patients with or without treatment

SBP* ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP* ≥ 90 mmHg

stroke, acute coronary syndromes, and hypertension occurring before the age of 40 years

>1.10 g/L

>0.45 mg/L

>13 mg/L

>2.8 g/l

≤0.4 g/l

≥1.30 g/l

≥1.19 g/l

>57 mg/l for men and 60 mg/l for women

LDL cholesterol level ≥ 1.30 g/l and/or HDL cholesterol ≤ 0.4 g/l and/or total cholesterol levels > 2.8 g/l and/or triglyceride levels ≥ 1.19 g/l

GFR* < 90 ml/min.