Naturally made bodies of water

Usually man-made

Type of waterbody

Standing body of water

Standing body of water

Size of waterbody



Morphometry of waterbody

Larger and/or deeper

Smaller and/or shallower, shallow enough for rooted water plants to grow throughout

Type of water

Surface waters

Surface waters

Water flow



Point of light reach of the waterbody

Light does no reach the bottom of the deepest point of the waterbody

Light reach the bottom of the deepest point of the waterbody

Temperature of the waterbody

Relatively non-uniform in temperature; lakes have more stable water temperatures, but they may develop distinct layers with different water temperatures

Relatively uniform in temperature; ponds generally have a uniform water temperature from top to bottom that may change with air temperature

Size of waves of the waterbody

Waterbody only get big waves

Waterbody only get small waves

Wave action on the shoreline

Present; lakes have enough surface water exposed to the wind to develop waves

Absent; ponds experience very little wave action

Fluctuations in water level

Yearly fluctuations in water level are minor

Yearly fluctuations in water level are more

Water retention time

Longer; lakes contain water permanently

Shorter; ponds contain water temporarily

Species richness

Relatively high

Relatively low

Plant life at the bottom

Absent; because sunlight is unable to reach that point

Present; plant life abounds in almost every level