Scientific/English Name of the Plant

Amharic Name

Methods of Utilization

List of Nech Sar National Park Medicinal Plants and Utilization Methods


Croton macrostachyus


The youngest leaves of the plant will be squeezed and the extracts will be mixed with water and Fenugreek (Trigonellum foenum-graecum) for drinking by humans. The extracts from the youngest leaves can also be applied directly to the skin so as to cure wound and other skin infections.


Balanites aegyptiaca


The fruits of the plant are edible by humans and animals and it helps to treat intestinal problems. The inner part of the bark will also be boiled with water and be taken as a drink so as to treat constipation and other intestinal sicknesses.


Aloe vera


The leaves of the plant will be heated by the flame of a fire and will be left for a while to cool it down; then the leaves will be squeezed to extract juice from them. The extract will be mixed with Fenugreek and drinking water. It is well known to deworm Ascaris, tapeworm, etc. It is also used to treat joint pains.


Acacia mellifera

Tikur kontir

Younger stem will be put on fire only on one side of the stem and the watery extract will be collected from the other side of the stem and will help to treat “Chirt” (Ringworm), “Quaqucha” (Tinea versicolor) and other skin infections. Some also rub and dress the infected skin with Latex from leaves.


Cordia myxa


The leaves of Cordia have a coarse surface and when rubbed on infected skin along with its extracts it will help to treat skin infections like Ringworm and Tinea versicolor.


Solanum incanum


The roots of the plant are useful to treat human intestinal problems. The bark of the root will be removed and the solid part of the root will be soaked with salty water and then chewed just to swallow the extracts from the solid root so as to relieve from intestinal problems. In addition to this, Solanum also helps to treat cattle affected by water born worms as they usually go to streams and rivers to drink water. Thus, boiling the matured fruits until the color is changed to brown, then letting it to cool for a while and then cover the fruit with clean piece of cloth and squeeze it so as to take out the juice. The extracts will be sprayed in to the nostrils of the affected animal forcing it to have a deep sneeze which will let the water born worm to come out of the throat.


Tamarindus indica


The roots of the plant are well known to help the preparation of local drinks like “Tela” and “Tej”. Along with the main ingredients of these drinks adding a piece from the roots of the plant will help to fast track the fermentation process and make the drinks ready in a short period of time.


Cissus quadrangularis

Bale arat maezen hareg

When water is added on the roots of the plant there will be a thick mucus secretion from it. This extract from the roots of the plant are mainly used to treat livestock from coughing and relieve them from lung related infections.


Salvadora persica

Yeharer Mefakiya

The roots of the plant can be used as a tooth brush and the extracts can help fight bad breath as well as bleeding of the gum. It is also known to fight weak sexual performances.


Grewia villosa


The inner part of the bark can be used as soap and it also helps to make skin and hair smooth.


Carissa edulis


The extract will be prepared by boiling the fruits with water until the inner seeds are separated from the flesh. Once the seeds are separated from the flesh, the seeds will be removed and the remaining part will be mixed thoroughly with “Kocho” (false banana) and milk and get boiled altogether and taken as a drink to treat women’s breast pain as well as to relieve from joint pains.


Vernonia amygdalina


The younger leaves will be crushed and mixed with a glass of for drinking. It is highly remedial for deworming as well as intestinal complications.